In 1957 a group of 13 architects from New York came together to form a trade-based membership group which would guarantee the quality of the work completed in 19th-century New York. The group could never have imagined the importance their association would become over the course of the next 150 plus years; the membership group which would become the Robert Ivy led American Institute of Architects was original to be called the New York Institute of Architects until architects from across the U.S. stepped in and wished to join the subscription group.
Although the first attempts at building a subscription-based group of architects saw the original mission of the group be to build a better and more complete construction industry this goal soon expanded to include the need to assist in developing nationwide building regulations. The original 13 architects who formed the American Institute of Architects have now expanded to include 200 full-time members of staff at the Washington D.C. headquarters under the leadership of EVP and CEO, Robert Ivy.
The evolution of the American Institute of Architects has continued apace under the leadership of Robert Ivy as he believes the membership group should use its influence to be more proactive in building stronger relationships with those creating construction regulations across the nation and the world. In the view of Robert Ivy, the people of the world require groups such as the American Institute of Architects to build their awareness of the major construction and building issues needing attention in the 21st-century; an award-winning public awareness campaign was created by Robert Ivy and his team to build awareness of the issues of climate change which will form the major architectural challenge of the next few decades.
Major public awareness campaigns do form much of the work completed by the American Institute of Architects but the day-to-day operation of the construction industry is the cornerstone of the work being completed by the group. One of the most important pieces of business for the American Institute of Architects is to maintain model contracts for construction purposes to ensure all parties in the industry are protected during business dealings s projects are completed.
Fagali’I Airport is located in Fagali’I, Samoa and while it is one of the smaller airstrips on the island, it is the main airstrip used for local island travel. Previously owned by Polynesian Airlines and the Samoan government, Fagali’I began as a grass-only airstrip. Today, it is a thriving airport featuring flights to Pago Pago, American Samoa. It hosts many of the larger island airlines, such as Polynesian Airlines, Samoa Air, South Pacific Island Airways and Talofa Airways. All of these airlines fly internationally and provide service to destinations such as Australia, New Zealand and American Samoa.
Fagali’I airport is one of the most conveniently located to downtown Apia. The main airport, Faleolo International, is located more than 40 miles outside the city. Fagali’I is the hub for smaller flights to and from Pago Pago and other island communities, and it is located just a few miles from Apia and major destinations of interest. Apia Park, National Parliament and Faleata Golf Course to name a few, are a stone’s throw from Fagali’I and convenient to get to!
No matter what the budget of the traveler, Fagali’I is also located to some of the best rated hotels in the area. Travel websites such as Trip Adviser and Travelocity feature hotels near to Fagali’I that are as low as $78 per night all the way up to the more luxurious beachfront options that might reach $234 per night. All of these hotels have a 4 star or better rating, giving travelers options for their budget without sacrificing quality of service or the beauty of their destination. It would be difficult to find an uninteresting place near to the Fagali’I airport!
The city of Apia maintains its closeness to traditional island culture, and Fagali’I airport allows that culture to remain intact while also offering travel options to more modern urban settings such as Pago Pago, American Samoa. It is a great connector between the islands and remains an asset to the island community to this day.
Trabuco is a kind of attack weapon that dates from the middle age. It was meant to smash the walls of the enemies or shoot projectiles over them. The weapon has its origin in China. During the Crusades time, the Europeans used it as the weapon was efficient and frightening.
Unlike mangonels and catapults, this weapon does not involve any kind of complication in its use. What made it be popular, is the fact that it was easy to manufacture as well as carry out maintenance of the weapon. Additionally, its ability to handle heavy projectiles and launch them over long distances as compared to arms of the same caliber.
The Trabuco works by converting the gravitational potential energy into kinetic energy, but not all the potential drive is changed to potential energy, the other form of the energy is lost to heat and sound energy. The counterweight size determines the projectile distance.
Due to physical calculations of potential difference, Trabuco is used by teachers to explain this physical principle. There existed two types of the Trabuco, namely tensile Trabuco and hybrid Trabuco. Tensile Trabuco, it was operated by a man. The short end was designed to be pulled by people. The largest example of the Trabuco that was ever recorded is the one that was used by Wu Jing Yao de Zong. It was handled by 250 people and was able to hurdle a stone of 140-pound up to 80 meters. The machine was rare due to complicated procedures of controlling large numbers of the people who used to operate it.
Despite the fact that the machine was able to deliver up to four short per minutes, the main challenge was that getting the people to pull the string was a problem, particularly with the same strength at the same time. Due to this characteristic, this kind of Trabuco was utilized only up to the eleventh century.
The hybrid Trabuco was used in the Middle East by the Arab merchants. They modified the design by adding the weight on the short end of the arm. According to the records of the thirteenth century, this weapon was able to hurl 400- pound stones over the walls of the Egyptian. Visit:https://www.redetrabuco.com.br/
Roberto Santiago is one of the successful entrepreneurs located in Brazil. He was born in Joao Pessoa in 1958. He later joined a school where he became an X-Marist college graduate. Later, Santiago enrolled for a Business Administration course in the University of Jaoa Pessoa where he graduated. He is currently the owner of one of the biggest malls in Brazil which is named Roberto Santiago Manaira situated in Joao Pessoa.
Development of the project
In 1987, Santiago purchased a land in which the mall is situated. He also spent his monetary funds and time to make sure that it was good for the project. In a span of two years, some modification was done on the land to ensure that it was to hold a building in 1989. In that same year, the mall was built and launched where it began its functionality. There are many activities that happen inside there which include gaming place, an education institution, a gym, and cinema and food court.
Activities in the mall
The mall is large and spacious to hold some of the entertainment activities. The Domus room is located at the top of the building which has a capacity of 10,000 standing while 4000 people seated. It is therefore used for music performances, graduation services, marriages, and exhibits. In 2009, the hall was officially opened and providing a good income to Roberto Santiago.
Effects of the mall on economy
In 2013, Santiago developed another mall by the name Madeira. The two have actively been contributing to the growth of Joao Pessoa. This mall has also led to the creation of jobs and improved infrastructure in that town. Santiago has provided economic solutions to the government by ensuring it provides funds by paying tax and improvement of the market of the locally produced products. Roberto Santiago Manaira Shopping is one of the largest in Brazil which indicates the good work of only one person.Many organizations have also relocated to the area around Joao Pessoa since there is a good market for their wears brought about by the shopping mall. This mall does not have the challenge of competition since it uses different marketing strategies compared to the others.
Roberto Santiago being an artist, scriptwriter and a Spanish movie director, studied sound and image in Complutense together with literary development at School of letters of Madrid. He has been an editor for advertising in Madrid agencies and taken part in publishing some novels. Roberto has also had the task of writing and directing films, global co-production funded by UNICEF and the independent horror comedy. His novel collections of intrigue and soccer/ has turned out an editorial spectacle where children literature is widely sold in Spain in the past years.